The Importance of Being Earnest
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-10-19 | 324 次浏览 | 分享到:

A classic satire of Victorian society, Oscar Wilde’s “The Importance of Being Earnest” is one of the author’s most frequently performed works. The story trivializes its characters, who through a series of deceptions pretend to be people that they are not in order to escape the burdensome demands of social conventions. When John Worthing visits his best friend Algernon Moncrieff, to whom he is known as Ernest, Algernon notices the curious inscription on his cigarette case which reads, “From little Cecily, with her fondest love to her dear Uncle Jack.” John, who has come to visit in order to propose to Algernon’s cousin, Gwendolen Fairfax, must explain his deception before Algernon will consent to the proposal. The discovery prompts Algernon to reveal a similar deception of his own; he pretends to have an invalid cousin whom he can visit in the country in order to escape any unwelcome social obligation. What follows is a scheme between the two to assume each other’s imaginary personas in order to enable the ruse. A roaring farce which plays upon the consequences of deception and the social absurdities of Victorian society, “The Importance of Being Earnest” remains to this day as one of Wilde’s most popular plays. This edition includes a biographical afterword.

维多利亚时代社会的经典讽刺奥斯卡·王尔德的“认真的重要性”是作者最经常演出的作品之一。这个故事使一系列通过欺骗、假装别人来逃避社会繁重习俗的角色变得微不足道。当约翰·沃辛访问他最好的朋友,被称为欧内斯特(Ernest),阿尔杰农的阿尔杰隆·蒙克里夫(Algernon Moncrieff)时,他就注意到他的烟盒上写着好奇的题词,写着:“从小Cecily和她最亲爱的亲爱的杰克叔叔”。为了向Algernon的表哥Gwendolen Fairfax提出建议,必须在Algernon同意这个建议之前解释他的欺骗行为。这一发现促使阿尔杰农揭露了他自己的类似欺骗行为;他假装有一个他可以在该国访问的无效表弟,以逃避任何不受欢迎的社会义务。接下来是两者之间为了实现这个诡计而假设对方的虚构人物角色的计划。作为威尔德最受欢迎的戏剧之一,戏剧性的闹剧和维多利亚时代社会的社会荒谬的后果,“认真的重要性”直到今天还是一个谜。