The Metamorphosis
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-10-19 | 120 次浏览 | 分享到:

The Metamorphosis is a novella by Franz Kafka, first published in 1915. It has been cited as one of the seminal works of fiction of the 20th century and is studied in colleges and universities across the Western world. The story begins with a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking to find himself transformed (metamorphosed) into a large, monstrous insect-like creature. The cause of Samsa's transformation is never revealed, and Kafka himself never gave an explanation. The rest of Kafka's novella deals with Gregor's attempts to adjust to his new condition as he deals with being burdensome to his parents and sister, who are repulsed by the horrible, verminous creature Gregor has become.

“变形记”是弗朗茨·卡夫卡(Franz Kafka)于1915年首先出版的一本中篇小说。它被引用为20世纪小说的开创性着作之一,并在西方世界各地的高校进行研究。故事开始时,旅行推销员格里高尔·萨姆萨(Gregor Samsa)醒来,发现自己已经变形(变形)成一个巨大的,怪物般的昆虫般的生物。萨姆萨转型的原因从来没有透露过,卡夫卡本人从来没有给出解释。其余的卡夫卡中篇小说讨论的是格里高尔试图调整自己的新情况,因为他处理的是他的父母和妹妹的负担,而这些被父母和姐姐所厌恶,被格雷戈尔这个可怕的,有害的生物所击退。