The Scarlet Letter
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-10-19 | 137 次浏览 | 分享到:

Like all of Hawthorne's novels, "The Scarlet Letter" has but a slender plot and but few characters with an influence on the development of the story. Its great dramatic force depends entirely on the mental states of the actors and their relations to one another, —relations of conscience, — relations between wronged and wrongers. Its great burden is the weight of unacknowledged sin as seen in the remorse and cowardice and suffering of the Rev. Arthur Dimmesdale. Contrasted with his concealed agony is the constant confession, conveyed by the letter, which is forced upon Hester, and has a double effect, — a healthful one, working beneficently, and making her helpful and benevolent, tolerant and thoughtful ; and an unhealthful one, which by the great emphasis placed on her transgression, the keeping her forever under its ban and isolating her from her fellows, prepares her to break away from the long repression and lapse again into sin when she plans her flight. Roger Chillingworth is an embodiment of subtle and refined revenge. The most striking situation is perhaps "The Minister's Vigil," in chapter xii. The book, though corresponding in its tone and burden to some of the shorter stories, had a more startling and dramatic character, and a strangeness, which at once took hold of a larger public than any of those had attracted. Though imperfectly comprehended, and even misunderstood in some quarters, it was seen to have a new and unique quality; and Hawthorne's reputation became national.

和所有霍桑的小说一样,“红字”只有一个简洁的情节,只有少数人物对故事的发展有影响。它巨大的戏剧力量完全取决于演员的心理状态及其相互之间的关系, - 良知的关系, - 委屈与否的关系。阿瑟·丁梅斯代尔牧师的悔恨和怯懦以及痛苦所体现的是他们巨大的负担,即未经承认的罪的重量。与他隐瞒的痛苦相反的是,信件所传达的不断的供认,强加在海丝特身上,具有双重作用 - 一个有益的工作,使她有帮助,仁慈,宽容和周到;还有一个不健康的人,由于高度重视她的违法行为,将她永远置于禁闭之中,将她与其他人分开,准备在计划飞行时,摆脱长时间的压制,重新陷入罪恶之中。罗杰·齐灵渥斯是微妙而精致的报复的体现。最突出的情况可能是第十二章的“部长的守夜”。这本书虽然与其中一些短篇小说的语调和负担相对应,却具有更惊人的戏剧性和陌生性,它们立刻吸引了更多的群众。虽然不完全理解,甚至在某些方面被误解,但却被认为具有新的独特的品质。霍桑的名声享誉国际。