Walden
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-10-19 | 566 次浏览 | 分享到:

Walden by noted transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau, is a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings. The work is part personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery, satire, and manual for self-reliance. First published in 1854, it details Thoreau's experiences over the course of two years, two months, and two days in a cabin he built near Walden Pond, amidst woodland owned by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson, near Concord, Massachusetts. The book compresses the time into a single calendar year and uses passages of four seasons to symbolize human development. By immersing himself in nature, Thoreau hoped to gain a more objective understanding of society through personal introspection. Simple living and self-sufficiency were Thoreau's other goals, and the whole project was inspired by transcendentalist philosophy, a central theme of the American Romantic Period. As Thoreau made clear in his book, his cabin was not in wilderness but at the edge of town, about two miles (3 km) from his family home.

Walden由著名超验主义者Henry David Thoreau、所写,反映了在简单自然环境中的生活。这各作品是个人独立宣言,社会经历,精神发现之旅,讽刺和自力更生的手册。它于1854年首次出版,详细介绍了梭罗在两年,两个月和两天的时间里,在瓦尔登湖附近建造的小屋中的经历,在他的朋友和导师Ralph Waldo Emerson拥有的林地在马萨诸塞州康科德附近。这本书将时间压缩成一个历年,并使用四季的段落来象征人类的发展。通过沉浸于大自然中,梭罗希望通过个人反思来获得对社会更客观的理解。简单的生活和自给自足是梭罗的另一个目标,而整个项目的灵感来源于美国浪漫主义时期的核心主题 - 先验主义哲学。正如梭罗在他的书中所表明的那样,他的小屋不在荒野之中,而是在离家乡约两英里(3公里)的城镇边缘。