看BBC,学口语写作1
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-12-13 | 884 次浏览 | 分享到:
今天我们所学的内容包括咖啡的相关单词,以及跟咖啡有关的内容展开,模板句子可以使用于英语考试的口语和写作当中。

Skinny latte 脱脂拿铁

Flat white 澳式白咖啡(类似星巴克的馥芮白)

instant coffee 速溶咖啡

commodity 商品

Speculate 观察

Fluctuation 波动

Vulnerable 脆弱的

Labour intensive 劳动密集型的

Profitable 盈利的


Introduction:

The market for the world’s most popular drink has come a long way since the days of instant coffee, when we just added boiling water to some brown powder. 这一世界上最有名的饮品从速溶咖啡时期开始已经取得了长足的进步,那时我们只是把开水加到一些棕色粉末里去。

After that came the giants like Starbucks and Costa Coffee who made coffee drinking trendy and a lifestyle statement. 从那以后出现了一些像星巴克和Costa 咖啡这样的产业巨头,他们让喝咖啡变的流行,并且成为了一种生活方式的展示。

People are far more aware of what they’re drinking these days. 今天人们更多的关注他们所喝的东西。

It's a hugely complicated business. 这是一个高度复杂的产业。

It's the second biggest commodity in the world, after oil. 它是世界上第二大商品,仅次于石油。

That means the price of coffee is changing everyday, every hour even, as traders speculate about the price. 这意味着当交易者观察咖啡的价格时,它的价格每天甚至是每小时都在变化。

The impact of coffee markets on local growers:  has a big effect.

What happens in the coffee market waves around the globe. 咖啡市场发生的事情都会波及全球。

Entire national economies depend on the price of coffee. 整个国家经济都依赖咖啡的价格。

It’s the key to whether individual farmers can provide for their families, face unemployment and ultimately whether whole communities stay on the land or trek to the cities. 它是个体农民能否养活他们家人,是否要面临失业以及最终决定整个群体是留在田里劳作还是去往城市工作的关键。

The price of coffee has soared, that means gone up quickly, in recent years. That’s good for everyone involved in the business.最近几年咖啡的价格骤增,也就是说上涨的非常快,这对每个参与这个行业的人都有利。

The profit margins for coffee are among the highest in the world. 咖啡的利润率在世界名列前茅。

There are countless transactions between the grower and the drinker. A grower can have a really good crop, but the amount the makes stays the same, or can even fall. 种植者和饮用者之间有无数次的交易,种植者可能种的非常好,但是它能够获得的份额保持不变,或者甚至可见减少。

Most of the profits go to the commodity traders and very little to the individual growers of the bean. 大部分的利润都到商品交易者手中去了,而只有很少一部分到了咖啡豆的个体种植户手中。

Just because the price is high, It doesn’t mean that everyone benefits. It all depends on how the profits are distributed. 咖啡的价格高并不意味着每个人都受益,要取决于利润如何分配。

Some people are trying to distribute the profits more widely and they have having some success. 有些人正努力将利润分配的更广泛,并且他们取得了一些成功。

In some small-scale projects where the company takes charge of the whole process from field to shop. 再有一些小规模的项目里,公司负责产品从农田到商店的整个过程。

This is very labour intensive-that means a lot of people are employed- and it creates a lot of jobs for people within the local community. 这是非常劳动密集的-也就是说要雇佣很多人-这些给当地居民创造了很多就业的机会。

In this way they are not victims of market fluctuations. 这样一来他们就不再是市场波动的受害者了。


今日总结:

make waves=has a big effect

Provide for their families=the famer's family have enough income to live comfortably.


(Reference: BBC in 6 minutes;可可英语)

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