看BBC,学口语写作2
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-12-16 | 226 次浏览 | 分享到:
同学们好,这期话题我们将讨论睡眠不足(sleep deprivation)对我们学习的关系(link between sleep and the ability to learn),我们先了解一下有关睡眠(sleep-related)的词汇。众所周知,睡眠不足会对我们睡眠产生负面影响(negative effect)


我们接下来看BBC上是怎么讨论睡眠和工作学习的联系的:

New research has shown that not getting enough sleep – or sleep deprivation – can have a negative effect on our ability to learn. 新的研究表明,睡眠不足会对我们的学习能力产生负面影响。


Researchers from Boston College in the USA have found the lack of sleep is a significant – so important – factor in loweringthe achievement of school pupils. 美国波士顿大学的研究者发现睡眠不足是导致学习成绩下降的重要因素。


The findings could be relevant to any of us who are trying to learn something. 这一发现与每个想学习的人息息相关。


Students are more affected by influences from their home life. 学生们更容易受到家庭生活的影响。


They're tempted by all this technology instead of just getting their heads down and having a good night's sleep. 他们会受到这些技术产品的诱惑而无法乖乖上床、好好睡觉。


The survey found 80% of 13 and 14-year-olds in the US were identified by their teachers as being affected by lack of sleep. 调查发现,老师认为80%的13-14岁的美国少年受到了睡眠不足的影响。


He says classes have to be engaging, so interesting and exciting, to stop students getting sleepy and lacking in energy – the word he used was lethargic. 他说课堂必须得生动有趣,以避免学生迷糊犯困、缺乏精力。在这里,他用到了lethargic(昏睡的,无生气的)一词。


Scientists believe the lack of sleep causes your brain to run on empty. It struggles to absorb and retain ideas. 科学家认为缺乏睡眠会把大脑累坏,因为大脑一直在提取并储存信息。


Actually, scientists say that there are more serious problems with students staying up late before they hit the sack - or got to bed –事实上,科学家称学生在睡前熬夜会引起更严重的问题。


Here at the Children's National Medical Centre, doctors are seeing more and more sleep-deprived kids, and it's not just affecting their school work. 国家儿童医疗中心的医生表示,睡眠不足的孩子越来越多。睡眠不足会影响他们的学校生活。


Here at the Children's National Medical Centre, doctors are seeing more and more sleep-deprived kids, and it's not just affecting their school work. It's linked to obesity, mood swings and behaviour problems. In fact it's putting their long-term health at risk. 我们现在位于国家儿童医疗中心,医生表示睡眠不足的孩子越来越多。睡眠不足不仅会影响他们的学校生活。它与肥胖,情绪波动和行为问题有关。 实际上,这正威胁着他们的长期健康。


So, the lack of sleep can also lead to health problems such as obesity – that's when someone is dangerously overweight and to mood swings – that's changes in how someone feels or behaves. So, what is the solution to all of this? 报道称,缺乏睡眠也会导致健康问题,如肥胖症(某人超重到危险水平)、情绪波动(某人的情感或行为发生变化)。那么有什么解决办法呢?


The real solution is for students to turn in – or go to bed – earlier. 真正的解决办法是:学生早点上床睡觉。


This research has also highlighted another problem. 研究同时强调了另一个问题。


Because teachers are simplifying their lessons to take account of the tetchy – or grumpy– students老师们为了照顾那些睡眠不足的学生会简化课程。


There's concern that pupils who are getting enough sleep are losing out in these adjusted lessons. 但是这对于那些睡眠充足的学生来说是一种损失。


今日出现的单词:sleep deprivation, 睡眠不足

getting their heads down, 上床睡觉

lethargic, 无精打采

forty winks, 小憩

to run on empty, 筋疲力尽

hit the sack, to turn in,上床

mood swings, 情绪波动

a siesta, 午睡

tetchy/ grumpy. 暴躁易怒的



(Reference: BBC;可可英语)

这些句子都可以用在口语和写作当中,你们get到了吗?最后,刻苦学习同时一定保证充足的睡眠哦!