看BBC,学口语写作6
来源: | 作者:理想国教育 | 发布时间: 2019-12-29 | 283 次浏览 | 分享到:
同学们,我们今天的话题是关于嚼口香糖(we're taking about chewing gum on today's programme)。同学们是否见过随地扔嚼过的口香糖这一影响城市文明的行为呢,为什么口香糖难以清理,而人们又为什么喜欢吃口香糖呢?新加坡政府在1992规定,嚼口香糖是违法的(outlaw),为什么呢?跟我一起来看BBC是怎么讨论的吧!


Some experts say that the chewing action can lead to an increase in blood flow to the brain.一些专家说嚼口香糖的动作会导致流入大脑的血液增加。


What's the history of chewing gum? Well, people have been chewing gum for thousands of years.嚼口香糖的历史是怎样的,人们吃口香糖已经有几千年的时间了。


The Ancient Greeks chewed gum made from resin-a sticky substance produced by trees.古希腊人吃的口香糖是由树脂制成的—一种树上长出来的粘性物质。


But why do people like chewing gum? Well, for many people it's just something to do.但是人们为什么要吃口香糖,对于大多数人来说,嚼口香糖只是为了有事可做。


Research has shown that people find gum chewers are also more approachable-that means they’re friendlier and easier to talk to. 研究表明爱嚼口香糖的人更平易近人—也就是更友好、更好说话。


Lots of people dispose of gum irresponsibly-that means not responsible.但是很多人处理口香糖的方式都很不负责任。


It’s often found stuck underneath tables, chairs, benches and escalators. And it’s really and expensive to remove once it has dried.我们经常发现有口香糖粘在桌子、椅子、长椅下面以及电梯里。


People do use high-pressure steam cleaners and then they scrape it off. But it’s a slow process that’s labour-intensive, which means it takes a lot of people to do it. 有些人会先用高压清洁器蒸,然后刮下来。但是这种方法太慢,属于“动密集型工程”,即需要很多人力才能完成。


Food,such as a discarded apple core or banana skin, quickly and naturally degrades-or breaks down. And other types of litter, for example, a crisp packet or a sweet wrapper, can be picked up easily.食物,比如说苹果核,香蕉皮,很快就会天然降解—或者说分解。其他类型的垃圾,比如薯片的或者糖的包装袋,就很容易捡起来。


Whereas chewing gum is a bit like glue once it dries and it’s extremely difficult to remove.但是口香糖有点像黏胶,它当然会破坏环境。


The amount of discarded gum in Singapore was considered to be such a problem that the government banned the sale and consumption of gum altogether.被随手扔掉的口香糖在新加坡被看成一个严重的问题,因为政府禁止了口香糖的销售和使用。


They said it was because people were sticking their gum in the sliding doors of subway trains, stopping the doors from opening and closing.他们说这是因为有人把口香糖粘在了地铁的滑动门上,以致车门不能正常开关。



今日所学单词:

Antisocial 违反社会公德的

To outlaw something 规定某事物违法

Resin 树脂

Approachable 平易近人的

Chemical bond 化学键

Labour-intensive 劳动密集型

Two of a kind 同一类的

Degrades 降解

Pellet 粒


(Reference: BBC, BBC六分钟英语)